Dictionary Entry

July 25, 2015

dictionary entry elitereStudy the way the various meanings of an English lexical item are presented in several dictionaries. Create an entry (or more than one entry) in your dictionary to illustrate your point of view.

The item I chose to analyze is home. Its meanings are those of a noun, an adverb, an adjective, a verb.

– Longman Exams Dictionary (for Upper Intermediate – Advanced Learners): it offers four main entries for home (noun, adverb, adjective and verb), each of them with various subcategories/ meanings (e.g. place where you live, family; to bring somebody home; home address). We are also given the pronunciation, a list of common errors and one of word families.

merriam-webster(dot)com: the same four entries mentioned above and a list of synonyms. The origin of the word is mentioned. Some words that rhyme with “home” are given.

thefreedictionary(dot)com: phonetic transcription, four entries, idioms.

– macmillandictionary(dot)com: four entries, phonetic transcription, phrases.

– dictionary(dot)cambridge(dot)org: phonetic transcription (AmE and BrE), one entry (the noun), but links are given towards other entries.

My version of a dictionary would probably look like this:

Home: /həʊm/

Noun:

1.1 one’s place of residence;

1.2 family

1.3 property

1.4 the place (a country, town etc) where one was born or has lived for a long period

1.5 headquarters

1.6 base for sports team

1.7 a place where people or animals live and are cared for by people who are not their relations or owners

Adjective:

2.1 Of or relating to a home, especially to one’s household or house

2.2 Taking place in the home

2.3 Of, relating to, or being a place of origin or headquarters

2.4 Relating to a team’s sponsoring institution or to the place where it is franchised

2.5 Of, relating to, or being the keys used as base positions for the fingers in touch-typing

Adverb:

3.1 At, to, or toward the direction of home

3.2 On or into the point at which something is directed

3.3 Deeply

Verb:

4.1 To go or return to one’s residence or base of operations

4.2 To be guided to a target automatically, as by means of radio waves

4.3 To move or lead toward a goal

4.4 To guide (a missile or aircraft) to a target automatically

Idioms:

-at home: available to receive visitors; at ease

-home free: assured of success

Phrases:

-don’t try this at home: a warning;

-home away from home: a place where you feel as relaxed as you do in your own home;

-home sweet home: used for saying that you are happy to be back in your own home.

by Elena Atudosiei

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